IoT Project “Smart Home” : Part 1

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“Smart Home” my final year MCA project based on Internet of things . The project came from some project seen on Raspberry Pi Website .

The Project is divided into 3 parts

  1. Nodes communicate with Server
  2. Server Mosquitto which uses MQTT Protocol
  3. Android App , which  communicates with server

Each node can have the following functionalities.

  • Turn ON /OFF the multiple devices.
  • Report the current status of the device.
  • Measure the climatic conditions.
  • Detect and report user presence.

All  the above can be obtained using arduino and needed sensors but communicating with server can be very difficult so better is go with a microcontroller with supports both processor and wifi , i chose esp8266  read more about esp8266 here .

MQTT Protocol is used to communicate between nodes , server , android app

Next Part : The Node

#Esp8266 #smarthouse #iot

A post shared by Siddhu Arevindh (@_itsmesid_) on

 

Pcb for #smarthome using #esp8266 an #iot based project

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Load balancing home router with Raspberry Pi

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openAfter the fix for Realtek usb ethernet card for openwrt to run on raspberry pi 2,  I started my new project,  Load balancing router.

The working is quite simple, install and configure MWAN3 but I can’t install from repo since I got the source and compiled it with the patch for my usb ethernet card,  purchased a few more of those from eBay and combined to form 2 WANs and  2 LANs.

The WAN

WAN uses 2 usb ethernet adapters and one configured to dial my PPPoE fiber connection  and another to cable modem, so that I could combine both to  get load balancing.

Then LAN

One lan port is same as the built in of Raspberry pi and another usb adapter.
One lan port is configured to use for my private network which contains few laptops,  a NAS and few cell phones via Dlink DIR850L 1200 dual band AC router .
Another one is to a wireless AP dedicated to guest,  which I keep isolated from my private network.

Since you are much experienced i am not mentioning how to install OS to a memory card for Raspberry pi . I have already compiled a version of OpenWrt for raspberry pi with MWAN3 , Firmware for USB adapter QHM8106 USB 2.0 Lan Adapter , drivers .

It works on Ethernet adapters with following firmware

  • AX88772B ASIX Elec. Corp
  •  RTL8152 Realtek Semiconductor Corp

Few other things like Freifunk [for splash screens on wifi connect ] , VnStat , QoS etc are also included in this build.

Download SD card image from  Google Drive 

Just after you finished your memory card and connected the USB ethernet card , insert it to your Pi 2 and boot  connect a rj45 lan cable from Pi to your PC / Mac .

Point your browser to http://192.168.1.1/ 

Set the basics such as password  and enable SSH ,

Set up the interfaces 

Here we are configuring eth0 as main LAN ,  eth1 , eth2 as WAN , WAN2 and eth3 as GUEST

To set up the interface to go Network -> Interfaces

Adding new interface

Click on Add new Interface

Enter “Name of the new interface” as  WAN for  interface eth1 , WAN2 for eth2 and Guest for eth3 . [ WAN , WAN2 , GUEST are to entered separately corresponding to interface selection  ]

“Protocol of the new interface” should be static for GUEST  . For WAN , WAN2 it should correspond to connections you have, in my case it was PPPoE for WAN and DHCP for WAN2 since i have a Fiber GPON device and an ordinary cable modem with WiFi .

Adding WAN / WAN2

 

setup-wan

Step 1 : Adding WAN / WAN2

After clicking submit button on the next window enter the details of the connection such as username and password if required , if the connection type is dhcp there is nothing to do here , go to next step.

wan-step2

Step 2 : Adding WAN with PPPoE connection

Next step is to assign “Use gateway metric” 10 for WAN and 20 for WAN2 . Go to Advanced settings and add gateway matric

setup-wan-4

Step 3 : Use gateway matric

Now we have to go to the firewall settings tab and and it to WAN zone

step-3-zone

Step 4 : Assign to wan Zone

Save and Apply

Repeat the above steps for the WAN2 also.

 

Adding GUEST interface 

The same way add an interface , name it as guest and set the protocol as static , submit

setup-guest

Step 1 : Adding Guest

On the Next window  Set IP address [ not the same as LAN uses ]  I selected 192.168.100.1  and the select subnet mask as 255.255.255.0 .

Scroll bottom to DHCP server section , got Advanced and tick “Dynamic DHCP”

guest-1

guest-2

Step 2 : Setting IP address and Enable DHCP Server

Next is to assign it to a new Firewall zone called Guest . Go to Firewall setting on the top .

guest-3

Step 3 : Assign Firewall Zone

Save and Apply

 

Configuring Interfaces is now complete .

Setting up firewall

In order to allow guest to internet we need to add one rule go to Network – > Firewall scroll down to Zones and Click Add  , use the settings from below image.

firewall-guest

Save and Apply

Now connect all cables and check internet connectivity through LAN and GUEST ports . If all working move to next step .

Load balancing

We are using MWAN3 which is pre installed to the image file given above .

Configure MWAN3 

Go to Network -> Load Balancing  

You can see Live status as of interfaces .

Go to Configuration and  click on edit against WAN2

mwan3

Edit WAN2

 

Select Enabled to Yes

 enabled.png

Save and Apply

Now you will be able to use both connections  . Wiki Article on Load Balancing 

Use MWAN Member Configuration to fine tune settings .

To test it download a torrent since normal web connection’s speed can’t be increased since it should be done using same IP .  Please read below reference material to know how to configure MWAN3 for your best performance .

Reference : MWAN3 ,OpenWrt , OpenWrt Ethernet USB Dongle Compatibility  , Another post on MWAN3

Notes :

In order to install packages from OpenWrt Repo

Go to System – > Software – > Configuration 

Replace the distribution feeds with

src/gz chaos_calmer_base http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/base
src/gz chaos_calmer_luci http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/luci
src/gz chaos_calmer_packages http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/packages
src/gz chaos_calmer_routing http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/routing
src/gz chaos_calmer_telephony http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/telephony
src/gz chaos_calmer_management http://downloads.openwrt.org/chaos_calmer/15.05/brcm2708/bcm2709/packages/management

Then Save and Apply 

If there is any mistakes or corrections , please comment below .

Seminar on Internet of things ( IoT )

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is defined in many different ways, and it encompasses many aspects of life from connected homes and cities to connected cars and roads, roads to devices that track an individual’s behavior and use the data collected for push services. Some mention one trillion Internet connected devices by 2025 and define mobile phones as the eyes and ears of the applications connecting all of those connected things. By these internet of things billions objects can communicate over worldwide over a public, private internet protocol network in 2010, the number of everyday physical objects and devices connected to the Internet was around 12.5 billion. Smart cities, Smart cars, Public safety, Smart Industries and Environmental Protection has been given the high intention for future protection by IoT Ecosystem. For the development the government of Europe, Asia and America has considered the Internet of Things has area innovation and growth. Many visionaries have seized on the phrase Internet of Things to refer to the general idea of things, especially everyday objects, that are readable, recognizable, locatable, addressable, and/or controllable via the Internet, irrespective of the communication means (whether via RFID, wireless LAN, wide- area networks, or other means).Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and sensor network technologies will rise to meet this new challenge, in which information and communication systems are invisibly embedded in the environment around us.

This results in the generation of enormous amounts of data which have to be stored, processed and presented in a seamless, efficient, and easily interpretable form. This model will consist of services that are commodities and delivered in a manner similar to traditional commodities. Due to internet of things hospitals are shifting to remote self-monitoring for patients. Due self-monitoring it gives the patient greater freedom and independence for their health and free the equipment for emergency propose for patients.

Download Seminar Report : Report.PDF

 

OpenWRT with rtl8152 for Raspberry Pi 2

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Raspberry pi OpenWrt with rtl8152 USB Ethernet dongle support . By default it is disabled in kernel we can enable it and compile [ Refer : https://forum.openwrt.org/viewtopic.php?pid=279394 ] here the one i have compiled for my Raspberry Pi 2.

Working Flashable image with rtl8152 support

openwrt-brcm2708-bcm2709-sdcard-vfat-ext4.img

How to manually do it 

Refer : How to build OpenWrt

Refer : https://forum.openwrt.org/viewtopic.php?pid=279394

The following lines should add the 2 realtek USB-Ethernet modules to OpenWrt:
(in packages/linux/modules/usb.mk)

 

define KernelPackage/usb-net-rtl8150
  TITLE:=Kernel module for USB-to-Ethernet Realtek convertors
  KCONFIG:=CONFIG_USB_RTL8150
  FILES:=$(LINUX_DIR)/drivers/$(USBNET_DIR)/rtl8150.ko
  AUTOLOAD:=$(call AutoProbe,rtl8150)
  $(call AddDepends/usb-net)
endef
define KernelPackage/usb-net-rtl8150/description
Kernel module for USB-to-Ethernet Realtek 8150 convertors
endef

$(eval $(call KernelPackage,usb-net-rtl8150))

define KernelPackage/usb-net-rtl8152
TITLE:=Kernel module for USB-to-Ethernet Realtek convertors
KCONFIG:=CONFIG_USB_RTL8152
FILES:=$(LINUX_DIR)/drivers/$(USBNET_DIR)/r8152.ko
AUTOLOAD:=$(call AutoProbe,r8152)
$(call AddDepends/usb-net)
endef

define KernelPackage/usb-net-rtl8152/description
Kernel module for USB-to-Ethernet Realtek 8152 USB2.0/3.0 convertors
endef

$(eval $(call KernelPackage,usb-net-rtl8152))

Add those two modules in Kernel -> Modules – > Usb support 

Then compile the whole code

Install Ubuntu Mate On Raspberry Pi 2 B

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Today installed ubuntu mate on raspberry pi . The Procedure is same as usual .

  1. Download zipped image file (Download From here https://ubuntu-mate.org/raspberry-pi/ )
  2. Extract it
  3. Write to sd card and Plug Monitor , power , keyboard , mouse
  4. Install as usual Ubuntu Install

Raspberry Pi 2 Hands on Review

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Raspberry Pi 2 is the Latest Version of the Raspberry pi family.

Got it Delivered from Crazy Pi On 10th Feb 2014, shipping was done very fast by them.  Buy From Here : Link

First Review 

The boot time was pretty fast , almost 7 seconds . It is equipped with a 900MHz quad-core Broadcom BCM2836 CPU with 1GB DDR2 RAM with makes the whole thing run Fast . Its claimed that its 6 time faster than the previous one. It have 4 USB ports as the Previous version (B+) have  and 10/100T Base Ethernet.  Another happy news is Windows recently told that the are gonna provide Windows 10 for Raspberry pi for FREE .

For Wifi connection the same settings as previous versions of the pi can be used, Ubuntu version for Raspberry Pi is also released and can be downloaded form Raspberry Pi website .

http://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/

First Test 

Inserted OLD SD card (used on Raspberry pi Mode B )   -> Not Working

Downloaded the image from raspberry Pi website -> It worked

Raspberry Pi restarts when exposed to Xenon Flash Link

WIll Post the results about tests conducted on it soon.

Specs

  • 900MHz quad-core Broadcom BCM2836 CPU with 1GB DDR2 RAM
  • VideoCore IV 3D graphics core
  • 40 pin extended pins – with 27 GPIO pins
  • Micro SD slot
  • Multiple ports: Four USB ports, full sized HDMI, four pole stereo output and composite video port. CSI camera port and DSI display port
  • 10/100 BaseT Ethernet
  • Micro-USB power source 5V, 2A
  • Dimensions: 85 x 56 x 17mm